Livia Turco - Biography

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Livia Turco was born in Morozzo (Cuneo) on February 13, 1955. She was from a Catholic family and joined the FGCI in Turin at a very young age, becoming provincial secretary in 1978. She was a regional councillor in Piedmont from 1983 to 1985 and a municipal councillor for Turin City Council from 1985 to 1986.
 
In 1986 Ms Turco entered the national PCI (Communist Party) organisational office and became national head for women from 1986 to 1994. From November 2001 (Pesaro congress) she became part of the national organisational office for the Democratici di Sinistra (Left wing Democrats) where she was in charge of the Welfare Department.
 
She was elected to the Lower House of Parliament (Camera dei Deputati) in the 10th to the 14th parliaments.
During the 10th parliament, she was a member of the Commission for Justice and was a member of the public and private works commission in the 11th parliament.
 
During the 12th parliaments, she became an executive member of the parliamentary Progress-Federative Group, the Labour Commission, the special commission for childhood matters and the Commission investigating the ACNA, Cengio matter.
 
From 1995 to 1996 she held the role of President of the Commission for equality and equal opportunities at the Prime Minister's offices.
During the 13th parliament, she became a Minister without Portfolio for social solidarity, under the leadership of the Prodi government. She was then confirmed in her role during the D'Alema and the second Amato governments.
 
Her government experience has been particularly dedicated to family and childhood problems, to disability and to immigration. She has promoted several laws that have distinguished the centre-left win governments, especially with speeches on immigration (law n. 40 from 1998 – better known as the Turco-Napolitano law), on assistance (law n.328 from 2000 for the creation of an integrated system for social services and integration) and on support of maternity and paternity leave (law n. 53 from 2000).
 
Ms Turco's work in parliament continued during the 14th parliament in the chamber's Social Affairs Commission.
She has been a senator of the republic since April 2006 (15th parliament) .
On May 17th, 2006, she was appointed as the Minister of Health in the second Prodi government.
In 2005 she wrote the book "I nuovi Italiani. L'Immigrazione, i pregiudizi, la convivenza" (ed. Mondadori) with Paolo Tavella.
She lives in Rome with her husband Agostino and her son Enrico.
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